First steps: week 7
welcome to the 7th issue of our tutorial. We have finished our first lesson and I have a little test for you. Please translate the following words to Telugu:
- Lalita smiled pleasantly.
- What is the time now?
- What is the price of that book?
If you have followed the exercises up until now, that was easy, right? If you still face problems here, don't worry. Just continue the active and passive listening.
If you had no experience in Telugu before you started this tutorial, you have now learned 47 sentences, or 72 unique words not counting names and inclinations. This is a little over 70% on our journey to 100 words. So
You are well on your path!
Not only that you have learned the words, you are also learning the grammar without knowing it. Let me show you something:
The affix '-ki' or '-ku' has various meanings, one is to denote 'to' or 'for'. For example:
Exercise 9: ramudu baḍiki vaccadu Ramudu came to school. Exercise 34: ramuki ivvu Give this to Ramu
The words 'this' and 'that' are used in several sentences. These are demonstrative pronouns, where 'this' points to something close by and 'that' points to something further away. For example
Exercise 23: i bomma ela vesavu? How did you draw this picture? Exercise 25: a pustakam vela enta? What is the price of that book?
Here is a little hint how you can remember which one use: this … i, that … a.
The words 'idi' and 'adi' also translate to 'this' and 'that' in English. But in Telugu there is a little difference: the words 'idi' and 'adi' are used as demonstrative pronouns while 'i'/'a' are used as demonstrative adjectives (page 88 of An Intensive Course in Telugu).
Can you find other sentences where this/that are used?
English foreign words are the second most found in Telugu, after Sanskrit. Here are some examples:
Exercise 13: homework cesava? Have you finished your home-work? Exercise 27: ippudu taimenta? What is the time now?
Again, can you find other examples?
I will post the answers in my next newsletter. What I want to point out for you is, that you are already building the base for learning the grammar even without knowing it. It is much easier to follow the lesson once you are familiar with the sentences. Try to listen to Lesson 1 now as you are familiar with all the examples. Do you feel you can follow it? It's simple now, right?
There will be some more on grammar in the following lessons, and again we will first learn all the sentences, before we will play with the grammar itself. Here is the layout for the lessons to come.
In this tutorial:
- Lesson 2: nouns
And in the following tutorial:
- Lesson 3: pronouns
- Lesson 4: persons
- Lesson 5: gender, single and plural
- Lesson 6: adjectives
- Lesson 7: adverbs
- Lesson 8: present, past and future tense
- Lesson 9: indeclinable words and conjunctions
- Lesson 10: cases
- Lesson 11: compound and complex sentences
- Lesson 12: direct and indirect speech
- Lesson 13: punctuation
We will start with the letters of the alphabet next week. For this week I give you the first 9 sentences of Lesson 2. Please take your time to listen to the complete lesson before go over the sentences in detail.
Here is a link to download all exercises from lesson 2 in one single file.
Hope you have fun!